Naturopathic physicians undergo training similar to medical and
Naturopathic medical colleges are four-year
postgraduate schools with rigorous admissions requirements comparable to
other medical schools. The Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine (ND) degree
is awarded after classroom, clinic and practical study.
ND's are trained
in medical sciences including anatomy, physiology, biochemistry,
microbiology, immunology, pharmacology, cardiology, neurology,
radiology, minor surgery, obstetrics, gynecology, pediatrics,
psychology, dermatology, and clinical and physical diagnosis.
Specialized naturopathic techniques can include therapeutic nutrition,
botanical medicine, homeopathy, natural childbirth, acupuncture,
ayurvedic medicine, hydrotherapy, manipulative therapy, and counseling.
Professionally-recognized colleges of naturopathic medicine
in North America are Bastyr University in Bothell, Washington; National
College in Portland, Oregon; Southwest College in Scottsdale, Arizona;
University of Bridgeport in Bridgeport, Connecticut; and Canadian
College in Ontario, Canada.
Like many states and provinces, Oregon's laws require
extensive post-doctoral board examination for licensure. This policy is
supported by the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians, which
also maintains high standards of education and medical practice and
encourages scientific research.