What is Naturopathic Medicine?
Naturopathic medicine blends centuries-old natural, nontoxic therapies with advances in the science of health and human systems, covering all aspects of family health from prenatal to geriatric care.
Naturopathic doctors (NDs) are the only primary care physicians trained in both natural and conventional approaches to prevent disease, treat acute illness, and manage or reverse chronic health conditions. It is effective in treating most health problems, both acute and chronic.
Naturopathic medicine concentrates on whole-patient wellness, centers around the patient, and emphasizes prevention and self-care. Naturopathic physicians are guided by principles that are based on the premise that healing is intrinsic to the nature of all living organisms. Those principles include:
- The Power of Nature - Support the body's innate ability to heal and remove obstacles to healing and recovery to support this inherent self-healing ability.
- Identify and Treat the Cause - Seek to identify and remove the cause of illness rather than merely eliminate or suppress the symptoms.
- First Do No Harm - NDs follow three precepts to avoid harming the patient. (1) Utilize methods and medicines which minimize the risk of harmful side effects; (2) Avoid when possible the harmful suppression of symptoms; and (3) acknowledge, respect, and work with the individuals self-healing process.
- Doctor as Teacher - NDs spend significant time educating their patients and encourage self-responsibility for health and healthcare choices.
- Treat the Whole Person - Popularized now as "patient-centered healthcare," NDs have always treated patients by taking many factors that contribute to illness/wellness, including mental, physical, emotional, spiritual, and environmental (conventionally referred to as the "social determinants of health.")
- Practice Prevention - NDs emphasize prevention of disease by addressing lifestyle, assessing risk factors, heredity and susceptibility to disease, and by making appropriate interventions in partnership with their patients to prevent illness.
What Is The Scope of Practice of Oregon Naturopathic Physicians?
Oregon naturopathic doctors have one of the broadest scopes of practice in the country, and are defined as primary care physicians in Oregon statute. Naturopathic doctors are licensed to diagnose and treat disease, can perform or order diagnostic exams and tests, and can prescribe all pharmaceuticals needed in a primary care practice as well as the natural therapeutics that offer patients even more options to address their healthcare needs.
Naturopathic treatments include:
A cornerstone of naturopathic medicine, clinical nutrition refers to the practice of using food to maintain health, the therapeutic use of food to treat illness, and the utilization of targeted vitamin and nutrient therapy as part of the treatment plan.
Botanical (Herbal) Medicine
Many plant substances are powerful medicines, effective and safe when used properly, in the right dose and in proper combinations with other herbs or pharmaceuticals. Many pharmaceutical drugs found their origin in herbal medicine before they were patented or altered by drug manufacturers.
Includes naturopathic manipulation of the muscles, bones and spine as well as application of hot and cold, gentle electrical impulses, therapeutic ultrasound, hydrotherapy and exercise therapy.
Counseling and Stress Management
Mental attitudes and emotional states can be critical elements in healing illness. NDs are trained in counseling, biofeedback, life-style, and other mind-body techniques.
Diagnostic Labs & Imaging
Naturopathic physicians use conventional diagnostic tools when indicated, such as x-rays, electrocardiograms, ultrasound, CT, MRIs, as well as blood, urine and other laboratory tests.
This system of medicine is based on the "law of similars" (like cures like) and uses highly diluted natural substances to stimulate the body's innate ability to heal.
Some naturopathic physicians have a specialty in midwifery and offer prenatal and postnatal care using the most modern diagnostic techniques. Whenever natural childbirth is not medically appropriate, patients are referred for appropriate care.
Includes the repair of superficial wounds and removal of foreign bodies, cysts and other superficial masses, with local anesthesia as needed.
Oregon NDs can prescribe any pharmaceutical needed for primary care. Naturopathic physicians are the only licensed health care providers with advanced training in drug-drug, drug-herb, and drug-nutrient interactions and/or complications.
Many naturopathic physicians also have a specialty in Chinese medicine, and may use pulse diagnosis, acupuncture, acupressure and Chinese botanical medicine.